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Chapter 2
Educational Service Delivery

This chapter reviews the educational service delivery system of Venus Independent School District (VISD) in the following sections:

  1. Student Performance
  2. Instructional Resources
  3. Gifted and Talented Education
  4. Compensatory Education
  5. Special Education
  6. Bilingual/English as a Second Language Education
  7. Career and Technology Education
  8. Library/Media Services
  9. Student Discipline and Alternative Education Programs
  10. Computer Technology


The federal government provides compensatory education funding for students who do not meet performance standards. In addition to a regular classroom instruction program, other instructional programs provide special support for students at risk of dropping out of school and those not performing on grade level. The Texas Legislature created compensatory education for Texas 1975. In 1997, Section 42.152 of the Texas Education Code was amended to require reporting and auditing systems verifying the appropriate use of state compensatory education allotment funds. The audit report for 2001-02 says that the district complies with the mandates that govern state compensatory education funds. TEA conducted a DEC visit to VISD during the spring 2002. The DEC report also states that the district complies with the state compensatory education guidelines.

The federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965 and the 2002 No Child Left Behind Act, provide funds for programs that help students meet performance standards. Title I funds are sent to campuses by TEA based on their number of economically disadvantaged students or those eligible for free and reduced price lunches or breakfasts. The students served, however, are selected on educational need rather than economic status. Title I funds are supplemental; they must be added to the regular program and must not take the place of regular funds. House Bill 1126 requires that state compensatory funds, like Title I funds, must be supplemental. State rules, however, allow for a great deal of flexibility in identifying students and creating successful programs.

The No Child Left Behind Act allows a school to be designated as a schoolwide Title I, Part A campus if 50 percent or more of the students come from low income families. In Title I, Part A schoolwide programs, funds can be used throughout the school to assist the entire educational program as long as the school meets the needs of students at risk of failing out of school. All VISD schools are Title I, Part A schoolwide campuses because more than 50 percent of the students at each school are economically disadvantaged.

State compensatory funds, like the equivalent federal funding, are distributed based on the number of economically disadvantaged students in a district. Compensatory education funds, however, are distributed based on students’ educational needs, not economic status. These students must be designated as “at risk.”

Exhibit 2-17 provides the number and share of economically disadvantaged students in VISD and in each of its schools as well as compensatory education instructional operating expenditures for 2002-03. The allocation of the compensatory education funds complies with the program guidelines because these funds support Title I schoolwide campuses. At the primary school, 69 percent of students are economically disadvantaged, as are 62 percent at the elementary school, 65 percent at the middle school and 59 percent at the high school. About 62 percent of the students in the district receive free or reduced-price meals.

Exhibit 2-17
VISD Economically Disadvantaged Students
Compensatory Education Instructional Expenditures
School Number of Economically Disadvantaged Students Percentage of Economically Disadvantaged Students Compensatory Education Instructional Expenditures Percentage of Total Compensation Education Expenditures
Primary 282 69.0% $75,622 19.9%
Elementary 325 62.0% $83,816 22.1%
Middle School 258 65.0% $115,051 30.3%
High School 300 59.0% $105,041 27.7%
District 1,105 62.3% $379,530 100.0%
Source: TEA, PEIMS, VISD Student Management System (SMS) Report, 2002-03.
Note: Totals may not add due to rounding.

TEA’s criteria for identifying at-risk students is listed in its Financial Accountability System Resource Guide (FASRG). These definitions do not imply that state compensatory education programs are restricted to the exclusive benefit of these students.

Pre-K - Grade 6 for at-risk students:

  • did not perform satisfactorily on a readiness test at the beginning of the school year;
  • did not perform satisfactorily on TAAS;
  • is a student with limited English proficiency;
  • was sexually, physically or psychologically abused; or
  • engages in conduct described by Section 51.03, Texas Family Code.

Grades 7 - 12 Criteria:

  • was not advanced from one grade level to the next for two or more school years;
  • has mathematics or reading skills two or more years below grade level;
  • did not maintain an average equivalent to 70 in two or more courses;
  • is not maintaining an average equivalent to 70 in two or more courses;
  • is not expected to graduate within four years of beginning grade 9;
  • did not perform satisfactorily on TAAS; or
  • is pregnant or a parent.


VISD implements a variety of educational support programs targeted for students at risk of failing in school. Exhibit 2-18 lists several programs that are available in the district to meet students’ educational needs.

Exhibit 2-18
VISD Sample of Compensatory Education Programs
Pre-K for 3 and 4 Year Old Children
Reading Recovery
Optional Extended Year
English as a Second Language
Student Assistance Team
Ninth Grade Initiative
Drug-Free Schools
Alternative Behavioral Learning Environment
Accelerated Cooperative Education
Full Day Kindergarten
Parent Education and Pregnancy
Migrant Education Program
Source: VISD Curriculum and Special Programs coordinator.

The district provides supplemental staff and services to students at risk of failing, and complies with the state mandates for expenditures of state compensatory education funds. The state compensatory education audit report titled “Independent Auditor’s Agreed-Upon Report on VISD’s Compliance with State Compensatory Education Requirements” for the year that “ended August 31, 2002,” states that VISD complies with the laws governing this program. In 2001-02, the district dedicated 85 percent of its state compensatory education funds to direct instructional services to VISD students.

VISD evaluates programs in accordance with the guidelines governing each program and submits the evaluations to TEA. Economically disadvantaged students are included in all district measures to improve student performance in all state-mandated assessments and initiatives.


VISD has implemented a comprehensive state compensatory education program to meet the needs of its students, including those at risk of failing or dropping out of school.