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Endnotes


[1] Texas S.B. 673, SS25, 74th Leg., Reg. Sess. (1995).

[2] Andrew Purvis, "Is There a Method to Manipulation?" Time (September 23, 1991), p. 60.

[3] National Board of Chiropractic Examiners, "Job Analysis of Chiropractic," Greeley, Colorado, 1993.

[4] Jane Gloria Pruett Sherrill, "Chiropractic in Texas, 1968," (master's thesis, University of Texas, May 1970), p. 20.

[5] Texas H.B. 1, 74th Leg., Reg. Sess. (1995), p. VIII-11.

[6] Interview with Patte Kent, executive director, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Austin, Texas, January 17, 1996.

[7] V.T.C.A., Health and Safety Code Art. 4512b. SS11b(a).

[8] 22 T.A.C. SS75.7.

[9] Texas H.B. 1, 74th Leg., Reg. Sess. (1995), p. VIII-11; and Council on Licensure, Enforcement and Regulation, Massachusetts Division of Registration: Evaluation of the Management Structure and Disciplinary Structure, (Lexington, Kentucky, July 1992), p. 5.

[10] Interview with Patte Kent, executive director, and John Zavala, enforcement coordinator, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, January 30, 1996.

[11] Interview with Oliver Smith, D.C., president, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Austin, Texas, December 17, 1996.

[12] 22 T.A.C. SS75.9(a).

[13] Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Policy and Procedures Manual (Austin, Texas, May 10, 1996), p. 16, VI(C).

[14] Interview with Patte Kent, executive director, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Austin, Texas, May 22, 1996.

[15] Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, "Enforcement Log, December 1995," pp. 7-11.

[16] Letter from Kevin Raef, D.C., chairman, Technical Standards Committee, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, to David R. Turk, D.C., January 22, 1996.

[17] Letter from Bruce A. Levy, M.D., J.D., executive director, Texas State Board of Acupuncture Examiners, to Dan Morales, Attorney General of Texas, September 15, 1995.

[18] Office of the Attorney General, Opinion No. DM-415, September 23, 1996.

[19] Interview with Oliver Smith, D.C., president, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Austin, Texas, December 18, 1996.

[20] Comptroller of Public Accounts, Texas Performance Review Division, "Review of telephone directories for Amarillo, Austin, Corpus Christi, Dallas, El Paso, Ft. Worth, Laredo, Longview, Lubbock, McAllen, Plano and Waco." October 22, 1996.

[21] Interview with Oliver Smith, D.C., president, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Austin, Texas, December 18, 1996.

[22] Interviews with Larry Wyatt, D.C., Lisa Nichols, R.N., Brian Knight, M.D., Steve Morse, R. Ph. and Barry Smith, M.D., members, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners Advisory Commission, July 30-August 2, 1996.

[23] "Chiropractors," Consumer Reports (June 1994), p. 384.

[24] George Magner, Chiropractic: The Victim's Perspective (Amherst: Prometheus Books, 1995), p. 18.

[25] George Magner, Chiropractic: The Victim's Perspective (Amherst: Prometheus Books, 1995), p. 20.

[26] V.T.C.A., Health and Safety Code SS4512b.

[27] Interview with Cue Boykin, legal counsel, Office of the Attorney General, Austin, Texas, February 6, 1996.

[28] Letter from Carl M. Naehritz, III, D.C., Fort Worth, Texas, to the Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Austin, Texas, April 10, 1996.

[29] Letter from Elizabeth Spillman, student, Parker College of Chiropractic, to Patte Kent, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Austin, Texas, April 8, 1996.

[30] Interview with Elizabeth Spillman, D.C., Dallas, Texas, June 26, 1996.

[31] Interview with Oliver Smith, D.C., president, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Austin, Texas, December 18, 1996.

[32] Interview with Pam Brinegar, executive director, Council on Licensure, Enforcement and Regulation, Austin, Texas, April 23, 1996.

[33] Letter from Donna Liewer, executive director, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, to Ginny McKay, Texas Performance Review, August 14, 1996.

[34] Interview with Donna Liewer, executive director, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Greeley, Colorado, September 3, 1996.

[35] Letter from Donna Liewer, executive director, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, to Ginny McKay, Texas Performance Review, August 14, 1996.

[36] Interview with Patte Kent, executive director, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, September 4, 1996.

[37] Task Force on Health Care Workforce Regulation, Reforming Health Care Workforce Regulation: Policy Considerations for the 21st Century (San Francisco, California, December 1995), p. 44.

[38] Reforming Health Care Workforce Regulation: Policy Considerations for the 21st Century, p. 43.

[39] V.T.C.A. Health and Safety Code Article 4495b SS5.05.

[40] Interview with Patte Kent, executive director, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, February 24, 1996.

[41] New York State Board for Chiropractic, A Consumer Guide to Chiropractic in New York State (Albany, New York, June 1996). p. 14.

[42] California Department of Real Estate, "Real Estate Bulletin" (Sacramento, California, Winter 1993); Kentucky Board of Medical Licensure, "Kentucky Board of Medical Licensure Newsletter" (Lexington, Kentucky, January 1993); and interview with Pam Brinegar, executive director, Council on Licensure, Enforcement and Regulation, Lexington, Kentucky, April 25, 1996.

[43] Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, "Newsletter of the Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners," December 1996.

[44] Health Professions Council, Special Legislative Report, (Austin, Texas, January 22, 1996.) p. 1.

[45] Interview between Pam Brinegar, executive director, Council on Licensure, Enforcement and Regulation, Lexington, Kentucky and John Zavala, enforcement coordinator, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, April 28, 1996.

[46] Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Policy and Procedures Manual (Austin, Texas, May 10, 1996), p. 16.

[47] Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Board Meeting Notebook, July 12, 1996.

[48] Letter from Carolyn Davis-Williams, D.C., chair, Enforcement and Ethics Committee, to the Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, June 24, 1996.

[49] Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Policy and Procedures Manual, p. 16, VI(E)2.

[50] Legislative Budget Board, Agency Strategic Plan Reports (December 20, 1995), p. 5; and Health Professions Council, Fiscal Year 1995 Report to the Governor, Lieutenant Governor and Speaker of the House of Representatives (January 22, 1996), p. 2.

[51] Commonwealth of Virginia, Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation, "DPOR Enforcement Procedures," Richmond, Virginia, 1996.

[52] Texas State Board of Pharmacy, Fiscal Year 1994 Annual Report (Austin, Texas, 1995), p. 103.

[53] Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Guidelines for the Development of a Chiropractic Disciplinary Code (Greeley, Colorado, March 1996), p. ii.

[54] V.T.C.A., Health Code Art. 4512b. SS14c.2(a)(2).

[55] Office of the State Auditor, Audit of Eleven Health and Health-Related Licensing Agencies (Austin, Texas, January 1994), p. 5.

[56] Audit of Eleven Health and Health-Related Licensing Agencies, p. 5.

[57] 22, T.A.C. SS76.

[58] District Court of Travis County, Cause No. 473,384, January 29, 1993.

[59] Interview with Pam Brinegar, executive director, Council on Licensure, Enforcement and Regulation, May 3, 1996.

[60] Interview with Patte Kent, executive director, Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Austin, Texas, December 17, 1996.

[61] Interview with Pam Brinegar, executive director, Council on Licensure, Enforcement and Regulation, Lexington, Kentucky, May 1, 1996; Interview with James L. Guffey, deputy director for Enforcement, Virginia Department of Commerce, Richmond, Virginia,
May 1, 1996.

[62] Letter from Pam Brinegar, executive director, Council on Licensure, Enforcement and Regulation, Lexington, Kentucky, to Roger Vallejo, Texas Performance Review, May 2, 1996.


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