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Federally Qualified Health Centers
Purchaser: Federally Qualified Health Centers
Program: Primary and preventive health services for medically underserved areas

Description: Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) can be either private nonprofit or public facilities that provide health care to low income people in medically underserved areas. A center is entitled to receive Medicaid reimbursement at 100 percent of cost.

In Texas, 30 of 32 FQHCs are Community Health Centers. The other two are FQHC "look alikes." A look alike center must meet all of the requirements imposed by law on Community Health Centers, but does not receive grants provided by the U.S. Public Health Service Act. Fifty-one percent of the governing board members of the centers must be consumers.

The FQHCs spent more than $126 million on health care services in Texas in fiscal 1997.

Texas Total, Fiscal 1997
Amount Spent:   $126,302,068
Type of Funding:
  Public Health Service Grants $45,658,933
  Medicaid Reimbursements $33,375,669
  State Programs/Grants $15,291,027
  Patient Fees $12,849,980
  Programs/Grants $8,590,364
  Medicare Reimbursements $6,305,488
  Private Insurance $3,276,963
  Ryan White $953,644

Number of Recipients: 415,000 people received health care services from Community Health Care Centers in 1997.

Average amount spent: $304/recipient in 1997

Source: Texas Association of Community Health Centers