Holiday Hours
Quick Start for:
  1. Shelley Littin, “Scientists Find Evidence of Roman Period Megadrought,” Physorg.com (November 4, 2011), (Last visited November 9, 2011.)
  2. Office of the Texas State Climatologist, The 2011 Texas Drought: A Briefing Packet for the Texas Legislature (PDF) (College Station, Texas, October 31, 2011), p. 26, (Last visited November 8, 2011); and Nationmaster.com, “Precipitation (Most Recent) by Country,” (Last visited November 7, 2011.)
  3. National Drought Mitigation Center, “U.S. Drought Monitor: Texas,” December 13, 2011, (Last visited December 19, 2011.)
  4. Commissioner Carlos Rubenstein, Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, testimony before a joint hearing of the Senate Natural Resources and Agriculture and Rural Affairs committees, Austin, Texas, November 2, 2011.
  5. See also Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, “Frequently Asked Questions About the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO),”; Northwest Fisheries Science Center, “Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO),”; and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, “NOAA Still Expects Active Atlantic Hurricane Season; La Niña Develops,” (Last visited December 6, 2011.)
  6. Interview with Texas State Climatologist John Nielsen-Gammon, September 30, 2011.
  7. Electric Reliability Council of Texas, “ERCOT 10-Year Outlook Indicates Need for Additional Generation,” (Last visited December 6, 2011.)
  8. Electric Reliability Council of Texas, Grid Operations and Planning Report (PDF) (Austin, Texas, December 12-13, 2011), p. 22, (Last visited December 19, 2011.)
  9. Texas Water Development Board, “Proposed Constitutional Amendment for Water Financial Assistance Bonds,” (PDF) (Last visited November 22, 2011.)
  10. Texas Water Resources Institute, Propositions Up for Vote in November Could Affect Texas’ Water Future,” (Last visited November 22, 2011.)
  11. Texas Water Development Board, Water for Texas 2012 (PDF) (Austin, Texas, January 2012), (Last visited January 9, 2012.).
  12. Texas Water Development Board, Water for Texas 2012, p. 3,
  13. Texas Water Development Board, Water for Texas 2012, p. 3.
  14. Texas Water Development Board, Water for Texas 2012, pp. 4-6.
  15. Texas Agrilife Extension Service, “Texas Agricultural Drought Losses Reach Record $5.2 Billion,” (Last visited December 19, 2012.)
  16. BBVA Research, “Texas Drought Impact,” Houston, Texas, December 9, 2011, (Last visited December 19, 2011.)
  17. Texas Water Development Board, Reservoir Storage Summary for Lake E. V. Spence. (Last visited December 19, 2011.)
  18. Allan Turner, “Drought Threatens West Texas Town’s Existence,” San Antonio Express-News (August 15, 2011), (Last visited November 18, 2011.)
  19. Interview with Robert Lee Mayor John Jacobs, December 16, 2011; and Texas Water Development Board, Reservoir Storage Summary for Oak Creek Reservoir, (Last visited December 19, 2011.)
  20. Texas Water Development Board, Water for Texas 2012, p. 148.
  21. Texas Forest Service, “Dangerous Wildfire Conditions Predicted for Friday,” (Last visited December 19, 2011.)
  22. Ben Wear, “Parched Soil Takes Toll on Roads, Slabs, Pipes,” Austin American-Statesman (October¬†14,¬†2011), (Last visited December 19, 2011.)
  23. Mike Drago, “Drought Related Cracks Prompt Dallas to Close Athletic Fields,” Dallas Morning News (September 16, 2011), (Last visited December 19, 2011.)
  24. Ari Auber, “Drought Damages Texas Infrastructure,” The Texas Tribune (August 5, 2011), (Last visited December 19, 2011.)
  25. Cindy Horswell, “When It Comes to Water, Houston Can’t Catch a Break,” Houston Chronicle (August 29, 2011), (Last visited December 19, 2011.)
  26. Texas House of Representatives, House Research Organization, “Bill Analysis: HB 3372,” (PDF) April 19, 2011, (Last visited November 12, 2011.)
  27. Texas Water Development Board, Water for Texas 2012, p. 189.
  28. See for instance City of San Marcos, “Rainwater Harvesting,”; Austin Water, “Rainwater Harvesting Rebate Program Guidelines” (PDF) ; and New Braunfels Utilities, “Rainwater Harvesting Rebate,” (Last visited November 16, 2011.)
  29. Texas Water Development Board, Water for Texas 2012, p. 196.
  30. Texas Water Development Board, An Assessment of Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Texas (PDF), by Malcolm Pirnie, ASR Systems LLC, and Jackson, Sjoberg, McCarthy & Wilson LLP (Austin, Texas, February, 2011), p. 15, (last visited November 15, 2011); and San Antonio Water System, response to Comptroller survey, November 16, 2011.
  31. Texas Water Development Board, Water for Texas 2012, p. 189.
  32. Texas Water Development Board, History of Water Reuse in Texas (PDF), by Alan Plummer Associates, Inc. (Austin, Texas, February 2011), p. 6, (Last visited November 16, 2011.)
  33. Texas Water Development Board, Water for Texas 2012, p. 189.
  34. Texas Water Development Board, “Desalination FAQs” (Last visited January 9, 2012); and El Paso Water Utilities, “Setting the State for the Future,” (Last visited November 18, 2011.)
  35. Texas Water Development Board, Water for Texas 2012, p. 189; “Desalination Plant Database,” (last visited November 14, 2011); and “Desalination: Brackish Groundwater,” (PDF) April 2011, (last visited november 15, 2011.)
  36. Texas Water Development Board, Cost of Water Desalination in Texas (PDF), by Jorge Arroyo and Saqib Shirazi, Innovative Water Technologies, October 16, 2009, p. 5, (Last visited November 16, 2011.)
  37. Texas Water Development Board, “Desalination Facts,” (last visited November 14, 2011); and Jeannie Keaver, “Desalination a Big Part of Texas’ Water Future,” Houston Chronicle (November 14, 2011), (last visited november 14, 2011).
  38. Texas Water Development Board, Water for Texas 2012, p. 189.
  39. Jeannie Keaver, “Desalination a Big Part of Texas’ Water Future.”
  40. Interview with Katherine Yuhas, conservation officer for the Albuquerque/Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority, December 27, 2011.
  41. Interview with Gerard Silvani, principal planner, Phoenix Water Services Department, December 22, 2011.
  42. Interview with Rick Carpenter, manager of Water Resources and Conservation, City of Santa Fe Water Division, December 21, 2011.
  43. Interview with Fernando Molina, public information and conservation officer, Tucson Water, December 21, 2011.
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