Texas Specification No. 735-60-01A
Effective Date: November 10, 1982
Reformatted: February 28,1996
1. SCOPE: This specification establishes the minimum requirements for five (5) types of wiping rags primarily intended for use in wiping machinery and paint, and for miscellaneous cleaning.
2. APPLICABLE SPECIFICATIONS AND STANDARDS: References to specifications, standards and test methods shall be to the issues in effect on the date of the Invitation for Bids. Copies of the referenced documents may be obtained from the issuing organizations at the addresses shown. the following publications form a part of this specification to the extent specified herein:
2.1 GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION (GSA), Specification and Consumer Information Distribution Section (WFSIS). Washington Navy Yard, Building 197, Washington, DC 20407:
2.1.1. A-A-531 -- Rag, Wiping Cotton, and Cotton-synthetic.
2.1.2. Federal Test Method Standard No. 191 -- Textile Test Methods.
3. CLASSIFICATION: Wiping rags furnished under this specification shall be classified by type, size and color.
3.1.1. Type 1: Long nap or loop pile rags.
3.1.2. Type 2: Short nap rags.
3.1.3. Type 3: Muslin rags.
3.1.4. Type 4: Knit rags.
3.1.5. Type 5: Absorbanized Wipers.
3.2. Size: Size requirements are specified according to type (See Paragraph 5.2.).
3.3.1. White: Bleached or unbleached.
3.3.2. Mixed: Assorted colors but no more than 5% black.
4. DEFINITIONS: Terminology used in this specification is intended to be generic in nature and consistent with meanings that have been defined through general use and/or accepted trade practices. Where variant meanings may exist, the applicable interpretation shall be determined by the Texas Procurement and Support Services (TPASS).
4.1. Commission: Texas Procurement and Support Services.
4.2. Sterilized: For the purpose of this specification the term sterilized implies the rags have been washed in 180 °F water and heat dried at 250 °F (exhaust air 175 °F).
4.3. Clean Pick Material: Rag materials that by inspection appear to be clean and consequently are often picked out by vendors to be sold as clean and sanitary even though they are not sterilized. Clean pick materials are not allowed under the requirements of this specification.
5. REQUIREMENTS: Products furnished under this specification shall meet or exceed the following requirements:
5.1. General Requirements: Wiping cloths shall be clean, dry, and free from objectionable odor and mildew.
5.1.1. Absorbency: All rags must be unconditionally guaranteed to be absorbent. For rags to be qualified as absorbent under the requirements of this specification they shall be required to pass and absorbency test in accordance with Paragraph 8.1.
5.1.2. Moisture Content: Acceptable rags shall have a moisture content that does not exceed 7.5% when measured as outlined in Paragraph 8.2.
5.1.3. Sterilization: All rags shall be washed and sterilized within the Continental Limits of the United States in accordance with Federal Government Standards A-A-531, (Clean pick material is not acceptable). Certification of such sterilization shall be furnished with each bid with a Notarized affidavit. (See Paragraph 6.)
5.1.4. Cotton Content: Those rags described in Types 1, 2, 3, and 4 require some cotton fibers in their content. Testing for cotton content will be in accordance with Paragraph 8.3.
5.1.5. Unacceptable Material: The following cloths are not acceptable:
U.S. flags, National flags of any country, or remnants thereof; those with paint or unsightly or excessive stains which retard absorbency; cloths containing dust, abrasives or other foreign objects; cloths dyed to obliterate stains or other defects; cloths of badly worn or tendered as to be unsuitable for intended use; cloths having stray ends narrower than three inches (3") and protruding from the body of the cloth more than six inches (6") or tattered ends more than two inches (2") long; cloths made of unopened hems more than one inch wide, pockets, reinforcements including collars, cuffs, button holes and waistbands; or cloths containing straps, buttons, hoods, eyes, pins, and other metallic or plastic fittings. (See also the unacceptable materials under the various types of rags below.)
5.2. Type, Size and Color Requirements:
5.2.1. Type 1, Long Nap or Loop Pile Rags: To consist of dry cotton or a cotton-synthetic blend, exemplified by Turkish towels, and other terry cloth or looped fabrics weighing from 4.0 to 13.0 ounces per square yard.
Note: Not acceptable are fabrics woven with hard twisted yarns and starched or stiffened fabrics, and terry knits or terry garments with seams.
188.8.131.52. Size: Rags will be classified into two (2) sizes.
184.108.40.206.1. Small: Not less than 144 square inches, smallest size to be 12 inches by 12 inches (12" x 12").
220.127.116.11.2. Large: Not less than 285 square inches, smallest size to be 15 inches by 19 inches (15" x 19").
18.104.22.168. Color: Rags will be classified into two (2) colors:
22.214.171.124.1. White: Bleached or unbleached.
126.96.36.199.2. Mixed: Assorted colors but not more than 5% black.
5.2.2. Type 2, Short Nap Rags: To consist of dry, cotton or a cotton synthetic blend, exemplified by lightweight blanket material (knit or woven), or soft woven bedspread material.
188.8.131.52. Size: Rags will be classified into two (2) sizes.
184.108.40.206.1. Medium: Not less than 198 square inches, smallest size to be 9 inches by 22 inches (9" x 22").
220.127.116.11.2. Large: Not less than 285 square inches, smallest size to be 15 inches by 19 inches (15" x 19").
18.104.22.168. Color: Rags will be classified into two (2) colors:
22.214.171.124.1. White: Bleached or unbleached.
126.96.36.199.2. Mixed: Assorted colors but not more than 5% black.
5.2.3. Type 3, Muslin Rags: To consist of dry, 2.0 to 6.0 ounce per square yard, absorbent cotton or a cotton synthetic blend, exemplified by sheets, napkins, pillow slips, aprons, tablecloths, or similar material.
Note: Not acceptable are garments, curtains, nets, silk, rayon, or nylon material, or heavy weight material such as cotton pants, duck, drill, heavy weight fleece underwear, waiters' jackets, or similar material
188.8.131.52. Size: Rags will be classified into two (2) sizes.
184.108.40.206.1. Medium: Not less than 198 square inches, smallest size to be 9 inches by 22 inches (9" x 22").
220.127.116.11.2. Large: Not less than 285 square inches, smallest size to be 15 inches by 19 inches (15" x 19").
18.104.22.168. Color: Rags will be classified into two (2) colors:
22.214.171.124.1. White: Bleached or unbleached.
126.96.36.199.2. Mixed: Assorted colors but not more than 5% black.
5.2.4. Type 4, Knit Rags: To consist of dry cotton or cotton synthetic blend weighing from 2.0 to 6.0 ounces per square yard exemplified by "T-shirt" or polo shirt knitted material.
Note: Not acceptable are portions of shirt with non-absorbent decals, paint, or other decoration that adversely affect the absorbency of the rag.
188.8.131.52. Size: Rags will be classified into two (2) sizes.
184.108.40.206.1. Medium: Not less than 198 square inches, smallest size to be 9 inches by 22 inches (9" x 22").
220.127.116.11.2. Large: Not less than 285 square inches, smallest size to be 15 inches by 19 inches (15" x 19").
18.104.22.168. Color: Rags will be classified into two (2) colors:
22.214.171.124.1. White: Bleached or unbleached.
126.96.36.199.2. Mixed: Assorted colors but not more than 5% black.
5.2.5. Type 5, Absorbanized Wipers: To consist of dry chemically impregnated absorbanized synthetic fibers, silk, and other lightweight material unconditionally guaranteed to be absorbent.
188.8.131.52. Size: Rags will be classified into two (2) sizes.
184.108.40.206.1. Medium: Not less than 198 square inches, smallest size to be 9 inches by 22 inches (9" x 22").
220.127.116.11.2. Large: Not less than 285 square inches, smallest size to be 15 inches by 19 inches (15" x 19").
18.104.22.168. Color: Rags will be classified into two (2) colors:
22.214.171.124.1. White: Bleached or unbleached.
126.96.36.199.2. Mixed: Assorted colors but not more than 5% black.
6. CERTIFICATION: Each bidder shall furnish with his bid a Notarized affidavit by a responsible officer of the bidder's organization, stating that all wiping cloths proposed to be furnished have been washed and sterilized and dried within the Continental Limits of the United States, in accordance with Federal Standards.
7. SAMPLES: Unless otherwise specified in the Invitation for Bids, no prepurchase samples shall be required. Samples tested shall be obtained from products supplied on regular orders.
8. TESTING: Testing shall be done by or at the direction of, the Commission and/or the receiving State agency. Tests shall be performed on products from shipments to ordering agencies. In the event products tested fail to meet or exceed all conditions and requirements of this specification, the cost of the samples used and the cost of testing shall be borne by the supplier.
8.1. Tests: The product furnished under this specification shall be tested by the following methods or approved equally applicable procedures:
8.1.1. Absorbency:: Each sample rag shall be laid on a non-absorbent flat surface. One drop of distilled water and one drop of light machine oil, each 0.04 ml in volume and 72 °F ± 1 °F shall be applied separately to applicable sample rags through a capillary by allowing the drops to fall freely onto the rag from a height approximately two (2) inches. After 30 seconds the sample shall be examined and absorption or non-absorption of the water and oil reported. The rag is considered non-absorbent if the water or oil remains wholly or partly above the surface of the rag.
8.1.2. Moisture Content: From a bale or box chosen for inspection, a sampling of five (5) rags shall be randomly selected with the moisture content being determined immediately. If this is not possible, the samples, immediately upon selection, shall be placed as a composite unit into an air tight container (s) and sealed to prevent moisture loss. The sealed containers (s) is then weighed (this weight is the original weight, Wo), the lid of the container is removed and the container is immediately placed in the oven at 221 ° - 230 °F (105 ° - 110 °C) for a minimum of two (2) hours. Immediately upon removing the container (s) shall be resealed and allowed to cool. After the container has cooled, the sealed container is weighed (this weight is the dry weight, Wd).
The moisture content in percentage form can be calculated using the following formula and the values for Wo and Wd:
Moisture content = Wo - Wd x 100
The moisture content of the samples shall be considered the moisture content of the entire lot. If the moisture content of the sample unit exceeds 7.5 percent, the entire lot shall be rejected.
8.3. Cotton Content: Cotton content shall be verified in accordance with test method 1200 of Federal Standard No. 191.
9. INSPECTION: Products furnished under this specification shall be inspected by, or at the direction of the Commission and/or the ordering State agency either at the destination or place of manufacture.
10. PACKING / PACKAGING: Packing for shipment shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's standard practice and in a manner readily accepted by common carriers engaged in interstate commerce and as specified in the Invitation for Bids. Within the shipping carton, units shall be packed in a manner designed to minimize damage during shipment due to rough or improper handling.
10.1. Packing: Quantities shall be net not gross. Packing shall be in 100 pound bales or in 25 pound boxes at the option of the ordering agency. Boxes (when specified) shall be of sufficient size to contain the 25 pound net weight required without bulging the top and bottom to the extent that the boxes would be precariously balanced when stacked.
11. MARKING / LABELING:
11.1. MARKING: Each shipping container shall be clearly marked with:
11.1.1. Name of contents.
11.1.3. Name and address of the manufacturer.
The container or shipping documents shall include:
11.1.4. Order number or contract number.
11.1.5. Name and address of ordering agency.
11.1.6. Agency requisition number.
12. COMPLIANCE: In order for consideration to be given to the bid on an item under this specification, the bidder must comply with the following conditions:
12.1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION: The make, model number, name of the manufacturer, brand or trade name, etc., as applicable, of the item which the vendor proposes to furnish must be stated as part of the bid.
12.2. EXCEPTIONS: Notwithstanding the above, any exception taken by the bidder to the requirements and conditions of this specification must be stated and described in detail as a part of the bid. If no exceptions or deviations are identified in this manner, the items must be furnished exactly as described herein.
12.3. PROOF: The bidder shall bear the burden of proof of compliance with this specification.
13. ORDERING DATA: When ordering a product conforming to this specification, the requisitioning agency must specify the following:
13.1. Title and number of this specification (735-60-01A.
13.2. Type (s), size (s), and color (s) desired.
13.3. Total quantity required.
14. AVAILABILITY OF SPECIFICATIONS: Copies of this specification may be obtained by calling or writing:
Texas Procurement and Support Services
Austin, TX 78711-3047