Skip to content
Quick Start for:
ENDNOTES

1 "Bullock, Senate Leaders Favor $315 Million Plan for S. Texas Colleges," The Dallas Morning News (February 23, 1993).

2 Leon Metz, Chronicles of El Paso (El Paso: Mangan Books, 1993), p. 199.

3 University of Texas-Pan American, President's Report 1995-96 (Edinburg, Texas, November 1996), p. 3.

4 University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College, History and Operation of the Partnership (Brownsville, Texas, September 9, 1997).

5 U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1994.

6 Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, Responding to Projected Increases in Student Enrollment, June 7, 1998 (http://www.thecb.state.tx.us/divisions/planning/study_31/stdppr31.htm). (Internet document.)

7 Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, "Border Institutions & Accreditation," Austin, Texas, August 18, 1997. (Facsimile.)

8 Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, An Overview of Texas Public Higher Education Funding for the 1996-97 Biennium (Austin, Texas, April 1996), p.1.

9 Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, Statistical Report (Austin, Texas, 1997), p.1.

10 Legislative Budget Board, Fiscal Size-Up: 1998-99 Biennium Texas State Services (Austin, Texas, January 1998), pp. 6-22.

11 Interview with Jane Crouch, Office of Texas State Senator Eliot Shapleigh, Austin, Texas, June 8, 1998.

12 V.T.C.A., Texas Higher Education Code, SS54.060(b). Texas also grants tuition and fees waivers to neighboring state and bordering county or parish students attending Texas institutions within 100 miles of the Texas border. According to the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, in fiscal 1996 almost 2,000 students from neighboring counties or states were granted $5.2 million in tuition waivers.

13 Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, Fiscal Activities Report for Fiscal Year 1996 (Austin, Texas, May 1997).

14 It is not difficult to see how Texas' low tuition aids those who have higher incomes. For example, a family with an annual income of $13,131 paying tuition and fees totaling $1,170 allots 9 percent of its income to paying these costs. On the other hand, a family with an annual income of $17,116 paying tuition and fees totaling $1,170 allots 7 percent of its income to these costs.

15 Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, Fees at Texas Public Institutions of Higher Education, Division of Student Services (Austin, Texas, February 1993), p. 1.

16 University of Texas System, Regents' Resource Book (Austin, Texas, Fall 1997), pp. 18-35.

17 Interview with Jean Stuart, Director of Admission and Records, University of Texas-Dallas, Austin, Texas, June 7, 1998. This statistic is the graduation rate for the first freshman class enrolled at UT-Dallas. The 1990 freshman class of 100 students began school on a campus that was predominantly older students, had almost no campus social activities, and no on-campus living quarters. Many of the students from that first class transferred to other institutions. University of Texas, Issues and Challenges Facing the University of Texas System (Austin, Texas, September 1997), p. 61.

18 V.T.C.A., Texas Higher Education Code, SS54.0512 (b) (4), (c).

19 V.T.C.A., Texas Higher Education Code, SS51.306 (a-s).

20 V.T.C.A., Texas Higher Education Code, Subchapter S, SS51.306 (h).

21 Texas S.B. 148, 75th Leg., Reg. Sess. (1997).

22 Memorandum from Teri Flack, Director of Governmental Relations, Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, to the Interim Texas House Appropriations Subcommittee on Duplication of Services, Austin, Texas, March 27, 1998.

23 Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, Appropriations for Developmental Education in Texas Public Institutions of Higher Education (Austin, Texas, January 1998), pp. 1-3.

24 They are Lamar University at Orange, Lamar University at Port Arthur, and Lamar Institute of Technology.

25 Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, Funding Formulas and Elements of Institution Cost, Fiscal Years 1998-1999 (Austin, Texas, May 1996), pp. 4-5.

26 Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, "Cost of Higher Education in Texas (1997-1998," April 16, 1998 (http://www.thecb.state.tx.us/divisions/student/budgets.htm). (Internet document.)

27 Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, Appropriations for Developmental Education, pp. A1-A2.

28 State Board for Educator Certification, Texas Teachers, Reality vs. Myth (Austin, Texas, June 13, 1997), pp. 5-9.

29 State Board for Educator Certification, Texas Teachers, pp. 5-9.

30 The ExCET costs $72 per test; testing occurs four times annually. Students can and do sign up for multiple tests.

31 State Board for Educator Certification, A Resource for Understanding the ExCET Tests (Austin, Texas, 1996), pp. 23-24. The standard setting for the ExCET is a multistage process that involves test question reviews by content advisory committees; review of test results by independent committees; collection and review of examinees' performance trends for several testing administrations; and setting the final standard based on data collected from several test administrations and recommendations by the advisory committee.

32 State Board for Educator Certification, Accountability System for Educator Preparation (ASEP) Report, Fiscal 1997 (Austin, Texas, 1997).

33 Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, "TASP Annual Report of Performance by High School Campus, 1994-95: High School Graduates" (Austin, Texas, June 1997). The school districts were in the counties of Atascosa, Bandera, Bexar, Cameron, Crockett, Edwards, El Paso, Jim Wells, Kerr, Kimble, McMullen, Medina, Nueces, San Patricio, Sutton, Uvalde, and Val Verde.

34 State Board for Educator Certification, "Performance Levels for the Accountability System for Educator Preparation (ASEP)" (Austin, Texas, October 31, 1997), Board Agenda Item No. 8.

35 V.T.C.A., Education Code, Subchapter B, SS21.045.

36 V.T.C.A., Education Code, Subchapter B, SS21.045(c), (d).

37 Interview with Trinidad San Miguel, coordinator, Educator Preparation Improvement Initiative, Region XXIII Education Service Center, Austin, Texas, April 20, 1998.

38 Interview with Mark Littleton, executive director, State Board for Educator Certification, Austin, Texas, April 27, 1998.

39 Remarks by the President of UT-Pan American at the University of Texas System Board of Regents workshop meetings, September 4, 1997, Austin, Texas.

40 Texas Education Agency, Snapshot '96: 1995-96 School District Profiles (Austin, Texas, 1997).

41 Interview with Helen Daniels, research analyst, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, Austin, Texas, April 24, 1998.

42 Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, Division of Research, Planning, and Finance, Ten Strategies and Their Financial Implications for Reducing Time-to-Degree in Texas Universities (Austin, Texas, October 1996), pp. 1-3.

43 Boyer Commission on Educating Undergraduates in the Research University, "Reinventing Undergraduate Education: A Blueprint for America's Research Universities" (http://notes.cc.sunysb.edu/Pres/boyer.nsf). (Internet document.)