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ENDNOTES

1 Texas Education Agency, "Academic Excellence Indicator System 1997," (http://www.tea.state.tx.us/perfreport/aeis/97/DownloadData.html). (Internet document.)

2 Measured as students in weighted average daily attendance. Texas Education Agency, Division of School Finance, "Legislative Planning Estimate Financial Data," Austin, Texas, 1997. (Computer printout.)

3 Texas Education Agency, Snapshot 1987-88, Snapshot 1996-97, (http://www.tea.state.tx.us/perfreport/snapshot/). (Internet document.)

4 V.T.C.A., Education Code, x42.303, The cap for school district maintenance and operations tax rates is also $1.50.

5 National Center for Educational Statistics, National Education Longitudinal Study 1988, Student Achievement and Family and Community Poverty: Twenty Years of Education Reform, by Shelley Drazen (Washington, D.C.: 1988), p. 4.

6 Texas Education Agency, "Legislative Planning Estimate Financial Data."

7 Texas H.B. 72, 68th Legislature, Second Called Sess. (1984).

8 Telephone interview with Chuck Russell, assistant to the Commissioner for Federal Relations, Texas Education Agency, June 6, 1998.

9 Texas Education Agency, "Academic Excellence Indicator System 1997" and "Legislative Planning Estimate Financial Data."

10 Texas Education Agency, Academic Achievement of Elementary Students With Limited English Proficiency in Texas Public Schools (Austin, Texas, January 1998) p.1.

11 U.S. Department of Education, Final Report: Longitudinal Study of Structured English Immersion Strategy, Early-Exit and Late-Exit Transitional Bilingual Education Programs For Language Minority Children (Washington, D.C., February 1991).

12 Interview with Minerva Hasfjord, Principal of Casteneda Elementary School, Brownsville Independent School District, Brownsville, Texas, May 7, 1998.

13 Interview with Adriana Castro, Principal of Garcia Elementary School, Houston Independent School District, Houston, Texas, May 11, 1998.

14 State Board for Educator Certification, information received March 31, 1998.

15 Texas Education Agency, Division of School Finance, "Pupil Projections," March 1997. (Computer printout.)

16 U.S. Department of Education, "State Information," June 1997 (http://www.ed.gov/offices/OESE/MEP/StateInfo/texas.html). (Internet document.)

17 Per student here is per student in weighted average daily attendance (WADA). Texas Education Agency, "Legislative Planning Estimate Financial Data."

18 Border districts indicated a need for $1.8 billion in facilities and received approximately $1 billion through the Instructional Facilities Allotment program; thus, $800 million in unmet need remains.