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1 The length of the border between Texas and Mexico depends on how it is measured. The 1,254-mile length cited here refers to the path of the Rio Grande, the river that marks the border. Another measure, more of a straight line across a map, shortens the border to 889 miles. 1996-97 Texas Almanac (Dallas: Dallas Morning News, 1995), p. 74.

2 Jorge Bustamante, "A Conceptual and Operative Vision of the Population Problems on the Border," in Demographic Dynamics of the U.S.-Mexico Border, eds. John R. Weeks and Roberto Ham Chande (El Paso, Texas: Texas Western Press, 1992).

3 Richard Rodriguez, "Pocho Pioneer," in The Late Great Mexican Border, Reports From a Disappearing Line, eds. Bobby Byrd and Susannah Mississippi Byrd (El Paso, Texas: Cinco Puntos Press, 1996) pp. 218-219.

4 Southwest Development Laboratory "Exploring Binational Education Issues: A Report From the Border Colloquy Project," report by Betty Mace-Matluck and Martha Boethel (1994).

5 Carlos Fuentes, The Old Gringo (New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1985).

6 Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, "El Paso-Juarez: In the Foothills of the Future," Forces of Change (Austin, 1994), pp. 260-264.